Weather in Spain

Spain is certainly famous for its warm Spanish sun, yet Spain enjoys a surprising amount of climate diversity. From the cool hills of Asturias to the sunny beaches of Andalucía, the country is being affected by altitude (Spain is the second most mountainous county after Switzerland in Europe), the sea (Atlantic Ocean or Mediterranean) and Mainland Spain effects. There is also of course a noteworthy difference between north and south Spain. Mediterranean Spain has high sunshine levels, from 12 hours per day in summer to 6 hours per day in the winter. Winters are serene - much warmer than central Spain. From June to August, Rain is very rare though the northern Mediterranean coast may be liable to occasional heavy downpours.

Central Spain and the Southern Atlantic coast have usually low rainfall and it is typified by hot summers and cold winters. Rains are rare but when it does, it rains heavily, though flooding is rare. Summers are generally hot, particularly in the Guadalquivir valley of Northern Andalusia up to Seville. Daylight levels average 5 hours per day in winter and 12 hours per day in summer. The region can be particularly windy with the winds being cold if coming from cold sierras. The weather is temperate in northern Spain, often changing little during summer and winter; influenced by depressions from the Atlantic, particularly in the autumn and winter, making this the wettest and cloudiest part of Spain. Galicia in northwest Spain and the areas along Spain’s northern coast beside the Bay of Biscay receive the most rain and are the wettest areas in Spain. Daylight levels average 8 hours per day in the summer and 3 hours per day during the winter. Eastern Spain region is warmer and milder than central Spain. The region generally sees rain in spring and autumn and stays dry during the summer and winter.

Weather in Spain by Season

Summer


Spain is indisputably one of the most popular summer vacation destinations in Europe. Spain’s hottest months are from June to September– the not-to-be missed season of open-air terrazas and music festivals. Northern Spain’s summer weather generally ranges from slightly warm to pleasantly cool. The south and Central Spain are regularly hit by high temperatures and heat waves. As such, August is the perfect opportunity to hit the beach. Temperatures can get awfully high and uncomfortable especially in inland Spain. The hottest parts of Spain are Central Spain and Andalusia. Northern Spain has cool and pleasant temperatures although this region is notorious for its year-round rain, even in summer.

Winter


Winter in Spain is from December to February or March and January is the coldest time of the year in Spain, perfect for Skiing in the mountains. Spanish winters are usually cold and dry, but milder than in neighboring European countries and the country is starting to look like a good winter destination. Winter is as good a time as any for taking in Spain's famous landmark monuments and museums. The advantage of visiting Spain in winter is that hotel rates are much lower. There are many skiing bargains and winter holiday deals available and some of the best resorts are in the Sierra Nevada (in Granada) and the Pyrenees (bordering France). The southern parts of Spain experience mild temperatures while the Northern Spain can get extremely cold. Visitors will experience generally milder and warmer climate here than other parts of the continent Thanks to Spain’s location in the southernmost tip of Europe.

Spring and Fall

Though at times summer and winter can intrude upon the other seasons, Spain in the spring and fall is generally temperate and ranges from warm to cool. Spring and fall are favorite times to be in Spain. Nature will be at its striking best with outstanding yellow and orange hues as the leaves modify color and visitors feel the freshness of the autumn air in the small towns and on the hiking trails in the sierras. Spain is hot and pleasant with open skies and early flowers in spring season.

Weather stats in Spain

  • The average temperature in Spain is 14 °C and the average temperature range is 19 °C.
  • The highest monthly average high temperature is 33 °C in July.
  • The lowest monthly average low temperature is 0 °C in January.
  • The average temperature for most of Spain in winter is just over 5degC.
  • The driest weather is in summer particularly in July when an average of 11 mm (0.4 in) of rainfall (precipitation).
  • The rainiest weather is in October when an average of 53 mm (2.1 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurs across 8 days.
  • Spain's climate receives an average of 36 mm (1.4 in) per month and average of 436 mm (17.2 in) of rainfall per year.
  • Generally, there are 84 days per year with more than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of precipitation or 7 days with a quantity of rain, hail, snow etc. per month.
  • The average monthly relative humidity ranges from 42% in July to 79% in December.
  • The average annual relative humidity is 61.8%
  • There is an average of 8.0 hours of sunlight per day with 2910 hours of sunlight per year.
  • Average sunlight hours in Spain range between 12.5 hours per day in July and 4.3 hours per day in December.

Rain in Spain


  • Spain has an average of around 600 mm rainfall a year. In ‘wet’ areas of Spain as a whole this rises to around 1,000 mm. Semi-arid regions receive 300 mm annually.
  • Average yearly rainfall varies enormously, with an average deviation of 20% from one year to the next, excluding the soaking Cantabrian Strip which has increased as much as 40% in places like the Mar Menor in Murcia.
  • Almeria is the most scorched region in Europe. The Cabo de Gata area, Spain is a semi-desert, receives scarcely 125-150 mm of rain a year.
  • Rainfall tends to be concentrated in just a few days in Mediterranean Spain and Figures of 100mm are ordinary, and figures of 250 not extraordinary. on 3 November 1987, Oliva (Valencia) received a remarkable 817mm followed by 600mm in Albuñol (Granada) on 19 October 1973 and 426mm in Cofrentes (also Valencia) on 20 October 1987.
  • Beware of making predictions on climate change only because it hasn’t rained much in a given year as Inter-annual precipitation varies hugely. Spain received twice as much as rain in 1996 comparing to 1990 in most catchment areas.
  • Strangely, one of the rainiest villages in Spain is not on the Atlantic coast but in Andalucia. Grazalema in the Sierra de Grazalema has an average of 2,153 mm of rain a year.
  • The wettest points in Spain are certainly on the Galician -Portuguese border and parts of Northern Navarra.